Tarde, Gabriel


Tarde, Gabriel
(1843-1904)
   sociologist
   Born in Sarlat, Dordogne, Gabriel Tarde, a noted criminologist and sociologist, as well as the author of works on problem of criminality, was the principal French representative of the psychological school of sociology. After serving as a provincial magistrate, he was appointed director of criminal statistics at the Ministry of Justice (1894), and later (1900) became professor of modern philosophy at the collège de France. In La Criminalité comparée (1886), he challenged the theories of Cesare Lom-broso and developed the thesis that social phenomena are the main causes of crime. Tarde, in his social philosophy, posited that historical progress is the result of a conflict between the inventive and the conservative aspects of society and distinguished three recurring phases of social development: repetition, opposition, and adaptation. His other works include Études pénales et sociales (1892), Études de psychologie sociale (1898).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Tarde, Gabriel — ▪ French sociologist in full  Jean Gabriel De Tarde   born March 12, 1843, Sarlat [now Sarlat la Canéda], Dordogne, France died May 13, 1904, Paris  French sociologist and criminologist who was one of the most versatile social scientists of his… …   Universalium

  • Tarde, Gabriel — (1843 1904) A French criminologist, widely regarded as one of the founders of social psychology, a contemporary of Émile Durkheim who debated with him the nature of sociology. Tarde described the basic social processes as those of imitation (or… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Tarde, Gabriel — ► (1843 1904) Sociólogo francés. Estableció la imitación como uno de los fundamentos de la evolución social y una de las causas de la criminalidad …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tarde — Gabriel Tarde Gabriel Tarde, auch: Gabriel de Tarde (* 12. März 1843 in Sarlat; † 13. Mai 1904 in Paris[1]) war ein französischer Kriminologe, Soziologe und Sozialpsychologe. Nach einem Studium der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabriel Tarde — Gabriel Tarde, auch: Gabriel de Tarde (* 12. März 1843 in Sarlat; † 13. Mai 1904 in Paris[1]) war ein französischer Kriminologe, Soziologe und Sozialpsychologe. Nach einem Studium der Rechtswissenschaft in Toulouse und Paris arbe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabriel de Tarde — o simplemente Gabriel Tarde (Sarlat, Francia, 12 de marzo de 1843 París, 13 de mayo de 1904) fue un sociólogo, criminólogo y psicólogo social francés …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gabriel Tarde — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tarde (homonymie). Gabriel Tarde Juge et sociologue français XIXe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tarde — (Del lat. tarde.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 Parte del día comprendida entre el mediodía y el anochecer: ■ les gusta salir a pasear por la tarde. 2 Últimas horas del día: ■ hasta la tarde no llega a casa. SINÓNIMO atardecer ► adverbio 3 A hora… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gabriel García Márquez — en 2009 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tarde (homonymie) — Tarde Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Gabriel Tarde (ou de Tarde) (1843 1904), sociologue et criminologue français ; Alfred de Tarde (1880 1925), écrivain et polémiste… …   Wikipédia en Français


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